Publication Date

Spring 5-2018

Degree Type

Doctoral Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Nursing

First Advisor

Gail Burmeister

Second Advisor

Rebecca Arnesty

Keywords

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), College risk

Abstract

University students have been assessed through many sexual health lenses, but there is a paucity of research on the sexual health of community college students. This population may provide good access to at-risk youth, and opportunity to reverse steep climbs in sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates. This research project pilot tests a theory-based intervention employing social facilitation to reduce STI risk among college students. Fifty students were recruited from Human Sexuality courses to participate in a 60-minute workshop. Pre- and post-testing measured for change in STI knowledge, attitude towards safer sex, and self-efficacy for engaging in safer sex practices.

A two-tailed paired t-test showed a significant increase in knowledge from pre-test to post-test ( t(49) = 5.43, p < 0.001). Attitudes towards safer sex changed significantly between pre- and post-test on both subscales: advantages of safer sex ( t(47) = 3.21, p < 0.05), and disadvantages of safer sex ( t(47) = 2.02, p < 0.05). No significant change in self-efficacy scores was demonstrated between pre- and post-testing. Study replication with more time focused on self-regulation skill and ability may improve self-efficacy scores. The intervention could eventually be implemented on each of the 110 California Community College campuses, and adapted for use in other settings.

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