The effects of planetary wave breaking on the seasonal variation of total column ozone are investigated using a zonally averaged chemical-radiative-transport model of the atmosphere. The planetary wave breaking effects of zonal wavenumbers k=1 and k=2 are significant in the middle latitude stratosphere during Northern Hemisphere (NH) winter, whereas only wave k=1 is important during Southern Hemisphere (SH) winter. The mixing and induced meridional circulation due to the planetary wave breaking increases the seasonal variation of total column ozone in NH (SH) middle latitudes by ∼20% (∼10%).
Terrence R. Nathan, Eugene C. Cordero, Long Li, and Donald J. Wuebbles. "Effects of Planetary Wave-breaking on the Seasonal Variation of Total Column Ozone" Geophysical Research Letters (2000): 1907-1910. doi:10.1029/1999GL010891