Racial/ethnic disproportionality in the child welfare system is a complicated social problem that is receiving increasing amounts of attention from researchers and practitioners. This review of the literature examines disproportionality in the front-end of the child welfare system and interventions that may address it. While none of the interventions had evidence suggesting that they reduced disproportionality in child welfare front-end processes, some of the interventions may improve child welfare case processes related to disproportionality and outcomes for families of color.
K Lemon, Amy C. D’Andrade, and M Austin. "Understanding and addressing racial/ethnic disproportionality" Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work (2008): 9-30.