Pre-service teachers need to question their taken-for-granted beliefs and biases about their students. Hermeneutics is a philosophical perspective that uncovers the subjectivity of our perceptions and can help students understand the necessity of questioning biases. This study explored what happened when pre-service teachers undertook an action research project with their students and analyzed qualitative data with a hermeneutical stance. Data consisted of audio-recorded class dialogues about readings on hermeneutics, interviews, student papers, and pre and post surveys. The data revealed that hermeneutics helped pre-service teachers: become aware of their biases; question their initial interpretations; and assume a self-reflective stance toward teaching.
Colette Rabin and Grinell Smith. "“Without Hermeneutics I’m Stuck in My Own Thinking”: Preservice Teachers Adopt a Hermeneutical Stance Toward Action Research" American Educational Research Association (AERA) Annual Meeting (2014).