Title

Community norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire among cisgender gay men

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Document Type

Article

Department

Psychology

Publication Title

European Eating Disorders Review

Volume

28

Issue

1

DOI

10.1002/erv.2708

First Page

92

Last Page

101

Abstract

Objective: Prior norms of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among men have not considered sexual orientation. This study's objective was to assess EDE-Q community norms among cisgender gay men. Method: Participants were 978 self-identified cisgender gay men from The PRIDE Study recruited in 2018. Results: We present mean scores and standard deviations for the EDE-Q among cisgender gay men ages 18–82. Among cisgender gay men, 4.0% scored in the clinically significant range on the global score, 5.7% on the restraint, 2.1% on the eating concern, 10.5% on the weight concern, and 21.4% on the shape concern subscales of the EDE-Q. The global score as well as weight and shape concerns in a young adult subsample (18–26 years) from The PRIDE Study were higher than previously reported norms in young men (Lavender, 2010). Participants reported any occurrence (≥1/28 days) of dietary restraint (19.8%), objective binge episodes (10.9%), excessive exercise (10.1%), laxative misuse (1.1%), and self-induced vomiting (0.6%). Binge eating, excessive exercise, and self-induced vomiting in The PRIDE Study subsample were lower than previously reported in young men. Discussion: We provide EDE-Q norms among cisgender gay men, which should aid clinicians and researchers to interpret the EDE-Q scores of cisgender gay men.

Funding Number

K23MH115184

Funding Sponsor

National Institutes of Health

Keywords

body image, disordered eating, eating disorder, gay, homosexuality, norms, sexual minority

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