Risk and Protective Factors for Preterm Birth Among Black Women in Oakland, California
Public Health and Recreation
Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
This project examines risk and protective factors for preterm birth (PTB) among Black women in Oakland, California. Women with singleton births in 2011–2017 (n = 6199) were included. Risk and protective factors for PTB and independent risk groups were identified using logistic regression and recursive partitioning. Having less than 3 prenatal care visits was associated with highest PTB risk. Hypertension (preexisting, gestational), previous PTB, and unknown Women, Infant, Children (WIC) program participation were associated with a two-fold increased risk for PTB. Maternal birth outside of the USA and participation in WIC were protective. Broad differences in rates, risks, and protective factors for PTB were observed.
Preterm birth, Risk factors, Protective factors, Black women, Oakland
Monica R. McLemore, Rachel L. Berkowitz, Scott P. Oltman, Rebecca J. Baer, Linda Franck, Jonathan Fuchs, Deborah A. Karasek, Miriam Kuppermann, Safyer McKenzie-Sampson, Daphina Melbourne, Briane Taylor, Shanell Williams, Larry Rand, Brittany D. Chambers, Karen Scott, and Laura L. Jelliffe-Pawlowski. "Risk and Protective Factors for Preterm Birth Among Black Women in Oakland, California" Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00889-2