Title

Risk and Protective Factors for Preterm Birth Among Black Women in Oakland, California

Publication Date

10-9-2020

Document Type

Article

Department

Public Health and Recreation

Disciplines

Maternal and Child Health | Women's Health

Publication Title

Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

Abstract

This project examines risk and protective factors for preterm birth (PTB) among Black women in Oakland, California. Women with singleton births in 2011–2017 (n = 6199) were included. Risk and protective factors for PTB and independent risk groups were identified using logistic regression and recursive partitioning. Having less than 3 prenatal care visits was associated with highest PTB risk. Hypertension (preexisting, gestational), previous PTB, and unknown Women, Infant, Children (WIC) program participation were associated with a two-fold increased risk for PTB. Maternal birth outside of the USA and participation in WIC were protective. Broad differences in rates, risks, and protective factors for PTB were observed.

Keywords

Preterm birth, Risk factors, Protective factors, Black women, Oakland

Comments

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