The teres minor (TMi) muscle exposed relatively high activity during the acceleration and deceleration phases of the throwing motion, compared with the infraspinatus muscle. However, few studies have identified TMi muscle activity in intervention exercises. The purpose of this study was to investigate TMi muscle activities in different horizontal adduction positions in the quadruped horizontal abduction exercise. This study hypothesized that TMi muscle activity would differ in response to resistance application across different horizontal adduction positions.
Materials and methods
Nineteen collegiate baseball players volunteered their participation. Raw electromyography activity of the TMi muscle along with 7 different muscles attached to the scapula on the dominant-side were collected, and normalized by each of the corresponding maximum voluntary isometric contractions. All subjects performed manual isometric resistance horizontal abduction exercises at 90° and 135° of abduction with 3 horizontal adduction angles in the quadruped position: 1) coronal, 2) scapular, and 3) sagittal plane. Electromyography data were also collected from rhythmical concentric contraction of horizontal abduction at 90° of abduction in the quadruped position.
TMi muscle activity was significantly greater with the arm positioned in the coronal plane than that of the scapular and sagittal planes (41, 26, and 17% maximum voluntary isometric contraction, respectively) (P < .05).
The present study demonstrated that TMi muscle activity varied depending on horizontal adduction positions.
Horizontal abduction exercise, Quadruped position, Teres minor
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Masaaki Tsuruike, Todd S. Ellenbecker, and Connor Lauffenburger. "Electromyography activity of the teres minor muscle with varying positions of horizontal abduction in the quadruped position" JSES International (2021): 480-485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseint.2020.12.014