This paper presents a research agenda for studying information systems using open source software A multi-level research model is developed at five discrete levels of analysis: (1) the artifact; (2) the individual; (3) the team, project, and community; (4) the organization; and (5) society. Each level is discussed in terms of key issues within the level. Examples are based on prior research. In a companion paper, [Niederman, et al 2006], we view the agenda through the lens of referent discipline theories.
Ashley R. Davis, Fred Niederman, Martina E. Greiner, Donald Wynn, and Paul T. York. "A Research Agenda for Studying Open Source I: A Multi-Level Framework" Communications of the Association for Information Systems (2006): 129-149.