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Microchemical Journal



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microchemical journal


Chemistry | Physical Chemistry


The Gibbs free enthalpy, chemical activity across the transition temperature to superconductivity, Tc in YBa2Cu3O7 − δ is obtained from reciprocally enhanced X-Ray absorbance, XAS and diffraction, XRD data near the Ba L3,2 edges' energy Ea, and orientations in the X-ray beam for preferred Miller indexed [HKL] planes' scattering, that are enhanced near Tc. The standard enthalpy and entropy for the formation of mixed normal metal/superconducting domains above Tc, determined individually across the two Ba L3,2 edges, to better than a percent accuracy: ΔH≠≥ = − 220 meV, and ΔS≠≥ = − 2 meV/K when 121 ≥ T ≥ 92 K ≈ Tc1, indicate that energy is gained, with an increased order by forming a mixture with reduced entropy. Below Tc the standard enthalpy and entropy to form at least two mixed superconducting phases are halved to ΔH≠≤ = − 86 meV, ΔS≠≤ = − 1 meV/K when 92 K ≥ T ≥ Tc2 ≈ 72 K. Thus reciprocal XAS/XRD enhancement at orientations in the X-ray field, of preferred 2D planes, induced by the transition to superconductivity in the layer solid, indicates one, the importance of the 2D-plane electron density scattering near Tc, and two, identifies the 2D-plane chemical activity, by the electron density leading to symmetry allowed excitations, a role similar to that of the electron density in linear bonds for molecular activity.


NOTICE: This is the author’s pre-print of a work that was accepted for publication in Microchemical Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Microchemical Journal, [VOL 99, ISSUE 2, (2011)]