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When investigating low-frequency (0.1 Hz) oscillations of multiphase high-temperature cuprate superconductors (HTCS) Bi1,7Pb0,3Sr2Ca(n-1)CunOy (n=2-30), a wide attenuation peak (ΔT~100 К) with a maximum at Т≈200 К was detected. This peak was particularly pronounced in field cooling (FC) experiments, i.e. after abrupt cooling of the sample in the external magnetic field at the temperature Т<Тс with subsequent slow warming up to room temperature with invariance of the applied field. The attenuation peak height depended on the preliminaryorientation (before cooling) of the samples θ in the measured permanent magnetic field Н. On the one hand, it is well known that, after the FC procedure and subsequent slow warming up, at the temperatures close to the critical temperature Тс, the attenuation peak associated with “melting” of the Abrikosov frozen vortex structure and its disappearance at Т >Тс is detected in monophase samples. At the same time, in most multiphase bismuth HTCS samples, synthesized using solar energy and superfast quenching of the melt, the attenuation peak with the maximum at Т≈200 К was observed.Depending on the conditions of synthesis, the attenuation peak could be two-humped and could be located in the temperature range much wider than Тс of the major superconducting phase. We assume that this is due to the existence of frozen magnetic fluxes (after FC) in superconducting “dropping” regions, which gradually (with increasing temperature) transfer into the normal state and release pinned vortex threads. This fact could be a cause of observed dissipative processes, so as also the evidence of the existence of superconductivity at Т ≥240 К.
J. Chigvinadze, Juana Acrivos, S. Ashimov, D. Gulamova, and G. Donadze. "Superconductivity at Т≈200 K in Bismuth Cuprates Synthesized Using Solar Energy" Faculty Publications, Chemistry (2017).
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This paper is also available on arXiv (arXiv:1710.10430) and can be found online at this link.