This paper introduces new block coded 8-PSK modulations with unequal error protection (UEP) capabilities for Rayleigh fading channels. The design of efficient block coded modulations (BCM) over 8-PSK signal sets, for the specific purpose of UEP, over Rayleigh fading channels is considered. UEP is desirable in communications systems where part of the source information is more important, or error sensitive, such as the transmission of coded speech and data broadcasting. The proposed block modulation codes are based on the multilevel construction of Imai and Hirakawa (1977). It is shown that the use of binary linear UEP (LUEP) codes as component codes in one or two of the encoding levels provides, in addition to superior UEP capabilities, a higher error performance, at the expense of a very modest reduction in bandwidth efficiency, with respect to conventional multilevel codes. Computer simulation results show that, over a Rayleigh fading channel, a significant improvement in the coding gain is obtained by the use of binary LUEP codes as constituent codes in the multilevel construction.
Robert H. Morelos-Zaragoza, Tadeo Kamasi, and Shu Lin. "Multilevel Block Coded 8-PSK Modulations Using Unequal Error Protection Codes for the Rayleigh Fading Channel" Faculty Publications (1995): 486-490. doi:10.1109/PIMRC.1995.480916