Faculty Publications

Document Type


Publication Date

April 2011

Publication Title

2011 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association


English Learner, Mathematics Education, Professional Development


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Education | Language and Literacy Education | Science and Mathematics Education | Teacher Education and Professional Development


This quasi-experimental, multi-phase study uses mixed methods to evaluate a professional development initiative focused on integrating mathematics and academic language. The context is a highly diverse urban district facing state takeover. The professional development focused on the understanding of key mathematics concepts and developing content-specific academic language. It linked explicitly to district-adopted texts and prescribed lesson formats. Teachers perceived the strategies to be feasible and beneficial to student learning, and had high rates of implementation. Nonetheless, pacing guides pressuring teachers to quickly cover content pose challenges for continued implementation. Implications for (1) professional development focusing on integrating subject-matter content and academic language, (2) assessment and accountability policies, and (3) districts’ responses (e.g., strict pacing guides) to these policies are raised.


This article was published by the American Educational Research Association and appeared in the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Each presenter retains copyright on the full-text paper. Permission to reuse material must be sought from the presenter, who owns copyright.
Proper citation of the paper as stated by The American Educational Research Association is presented below:
Patricia E. Swanson and David A. Whitenack. (2011, April 9). Bridging Professional Development and Context: Integrating Mathematics and Academic Language in a District Facing Takeover. Paper presented at the 2011 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Retrieved 2/12/2019, from the AERA Online Paper Repository.