Publication Date


Degree Type

Doctoral Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Advisor

Nisha Nair

Second Advisor

Sharmel Kasten

Third Advisor

Kevin Nguyen


Daily walk, reducing BMI and A1c level


Overweight/obesity is a global health concern, as is the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Health complications related to these two problems negatively affect individuals’ quality of life and the healthcare system. In the literature on controlling these two health issues and preventing their related health complications, few studies examine use of a simple and affordable method. This research investigated the possibility of improving BMI (body mass index) and lowering blood sugar level, as measured by A1c, by adding a 30-minute daily walk to individuals’ activities. Thirty patients classified as overweight or obese (BMI of 25-35) with type 2 diabetes (A1c > 6.5) from a family practice outpatient office in Clovis, California, participated in a walking intervention. They walked 30 minutes a day at least 4 times per week for a period of 3 months. Paired t-test analysis showed that participants’ A1c level and BMI were significantly improved after the 3-month intervention. Additionally, mean A1c level decreased significantly more among participants who walked 5 days per week compared to participants who walked 4 days per week.


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