Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Rosemary Mann

Second Advisor

Elizabeth O. Dietz


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) among Vietnamese women during pregnancy. Design: This study is a quantitative, descriptive pilot study of maternal fetal attachment among twenty-five Vietnamese women during pregnancy. Convenience sample of twenty-five pregnant Vietnamese women were selected. Two questionnaires were used. The demographic survey included the mother's age, ethnicity, primary language spoken at home, country of origin, parity, and the stage of pregnancy. The Maternal-Fetal Attachment scale (Cranley, 1981) is a twenty-four item self-administered Likert-type scale. Result: The study result's showed modest difference in scores in the three trimesters among the Vietnamese women. There were no apparent differences in maternal and fetal bonding as compared to Cranley's study ( 1981 ). Implications: Findings from this study broadened the health care provider's knowledge regarding cross-cultural nursing in maternal and fetal attachment among Vietnamese women. Larger sample size and revising the language of instruments to accommodate the appropriate cultural background of study subject may yield better results.