Publication Date

5-1-2004

Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nursing

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess by questionnaire health beliefs related to colorectal cancer screening ( colonoscopy) in a population 50 years of age and older. The Health Belief Model provided the theoretical framework for data collection. This study was a non-experimental exploratory survey. A total of 42 subjects (31% male and 69% female) completed a 14-item questionnaire that covered psychological factors including health beliefs. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Results of this study shows there is a need for appropriate health education to trigger people to take preventive action ( colonoscopy). Community based health education programs should be designed to induce behavioral change, by teaching the client the benefits of prevention and early detection of colorectal cancer, to which the client is susceptible. Future health education programs guided by this research will greatly contribute to the reduction of highly preventable deaths from colorectal cancer while lowering the enormous cost of treating this condition.

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