Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Diane L. Stuenkel

Second Advisor

Jayne Cohen


work environment, work pressure, peer cohesion, ethnicity, nursing


This study investigated the relationship among Registered Nurses (RNs) from different ethnic groups and their perceptions of the work environment in a community hospital in California. Moos' Work Environment Scale (WES) was used to examine three Dimensions of the work climate. Statistically significant differences were found in the way Caucasian and non-Caucasian RNs perceived Peer Cohesion and Work Pressure. These findings have implications for nurse leaders interested in transforming the work environment as perceptions of Peer Cohesion and Work Pressure are important factors influencing RN retention and quality of patient care.

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