Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Susan O. Murphy

Second Advisor

Irene Gonzales


social support, Chinese, Chinese American, hemodialysis


Social support is linked to improved health outcomes both in Western and Asian societies and is a vital factor in a patient's adjustment to end-stage renal disease and its treatment regimen. This study explored perceived social support among 46 Chinese American hemodialysis patients in San Francisco's Chinatown using the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire plus open-ended questions. Findings unexpectedly revealed low levels of perceived social support and lack of tangible support especially in elder patients. We can no longer assume that traditional family cultural values are providing adequate social support for this population.