Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Jayne Cohen

Second Advisor

Gail L. Marculescu


The Occupational Health Nurse Practitioners (OHNPs) and the education specialist at a community hospital in northern California designed and implemented the Patient Lifting Equipment Program and protocol. After 1 year, the investigator used a questionnaire to identify and describe 17 female subjects' barriers to implementing the new equipment and protocol and their risk factors for back injuries. The barriers that the subjects cited most often were increased time to prepare and use the devices and the lack of staff who could assist with the lifts. Risk factors, e.g., age, body mass index, hours worked, stress on the job, and social support influenced some subjects' risk taking behaviors for back injuries. By considering the multiple factors involved in providing healthy back promotion/injury prevention principles for their clients, primary care providers and OHNPs can determine when a client with a work-related back injury may return safely to work.