Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death among women. Even so, research suggests that women continue to receive less aggressive cardiac treatment than men. The purpose of the research was to determine if there was a time difference in initiation of cardiac catheterization in a selected population of men and women. A chart review was completed on adult women (n=20) and men (n=20), with varied adult ages, at a hospital based cardiac catheterization laboratory in Northern California. The charts were chosen randomly from the daily catheterization list. Data collection included age, gender, preferred spoken language, pay source, prior documented cardiac testing, history and physical, time and date when onset of signs and symptoms of cardiac disease began, and the time and date when cardiac catheterization was performed. The study failed to identify a difference between women and men in the length of time between onset of cardiac symptoms and undergoing a cardiac catheterization. However, the study did reveal a difference in presenting symptoms between men and women.