Publication Date


Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




Students with special needs are being included into regular education classrooms in increasing numbers. Teachers in these classrooms are often reluctant to include students with special needs on overnight field trips. This reluctance stems from the teacher's concern for the associated responsibilities. The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the process developed and used to successfully send a fully included student with disabilities to camp with his non-disabled peers. Dorthea Orem' s theory of nursing provided the conceptual framework for this case example. Overnight field trips (e.g., science camp) that are fun and safe learning experiences for the student with disabilities can be achieved through comprehensive planning and preparation. Trained unlicensed assistive personnel are assigned to assist the student with his/her special needs. This process can be adapted to meet the needs of other fully included students with special needs.