Publication Date

Spring 2021

Degree Type

Master's Project

Degree Name

Master of Public Administration (MPA)


Urban and Regional Planning

First Advisor

Frances Edwards


Electric Vehicles, Bay Area Cities, Policy Instruments


Numerous studies have mentioned that there are lots of factors that may affect electric vehicle adoption, including residents’ income, manufactures’ behavior, mass transportation system, and so on (Larson et al., 2014; Majumdar, 2005; Millard-Ball, 2012; Azevedo et al., 2017; Liao, 2018). While the issue of electric vehicle adoption has been explored in a wide range of contexts, there is a limited number of studies to understand how the policies are implemented from the perspective of a “city.”

In recent years, several studies have started to pay more attention to a city's role in electric vehicle adoption (Baker et al., 2012; Clark-Sutton, et al., 2016; Armstrong, 2019; Azevedo et al., 2017). For example, according to Clark-Sutton et al. (2016), “a city does play a critical role in electric vehicles adoption, because it can facilitate the building of electric vehicle infrastructure and it also has a tremendous influence on educating their constituents on the benefits of these types of cars” (p. 30).

However, there is still a lack of research addressing the issue of electric vehicle adoption from the city-level. Therefore, the aim of this study is to provide more empirical evidence to understand the instruments that the cities have chosen to enhance electric vehicle adoption.