A Reconfigurable In Vitro Model for Studying the Blood–Brain Barrier
Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Much of what is currently known about the role of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) in regulating the passage of chemicals from the blood stream to the central nervous system (CNS) comes from animal in vivo models (requiring extrapolation to human relevance) and 2D static in vitro systems, which fail to capture the rich cell–cell and cell–matrix interactions of the dynamic 3D in vivo tissue microenvironment. In this work we have developed a BBB platform that allows for a high degree of customization in cellular composition, cellular orientation, and physiologically-relevant fluid dynamics. The system characterized and presented in this study reproduces key characteristics of a BBB model (e.g. tight junctions, efflux pumps) allowing for the formation of a selective and functional barrier. We demonstrate that our in vitro BBB is responsive to both biochemical and mechanical cues. This model further allows for culture of a CNS-like space around the BBB. The design of this platform is a valuable tool for studying BBB function as well as for screening of novel therapeutics.
U.S. Department of Energy
Blood–brain barrier, Endothelial cells, Organ-on-a-chip
Monica L. Moya, Michael Triplett, Melinda Simon, Javier Alvarado, Ross Booth, Joanne Osburn, David Soscia, Fang Qian, Nicholas O. Fischer, Kristen Kulp, and Elizabeth K. Wheeler. "A Reconfigurable In Vitro Model for Studying the Blood–Brain Barrier" Annals of Biomedical Engineering (2020): 780-793. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-019-02405-y