No One Left Behind: Avoid Hot Car Deaths via WiFi Detection
ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)
According to the safety organization Kids and Cars, in US, an average of 38 children die each year in hot cars, seemingly forgotten by a distracted parent. Existing car seat alarm designs either compromise people's privacy (camera based designs), or fail to distinguish children sitting in the back from heavy stuff put on rear seats, and keep sending false alerts (pressure sensor based designs). In an effort to prevent such tragedies, we propose to utilize the fine-grained channel state information (CSI) from commercial off-the-shelf WiFi devices to detect if a child has been forgotten in rear seat of the car. Our child detection system only needs WiFi signal and applies both phase and amplitude measurement of the CSI. Based on this, our system can capture the movements of children, and effectively detect the children who are forgotten in rear seat and distinguish them from pets or other heavy stuff in rear seat with deep learning algorithms. In comparison with KNN based child detection method, the experiment results show that the performance of our deep learning based system increases dramatically, and the detection accuracy can reach more than 95%.
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Dian Shi, Jixiang Lu, Jie Wang, Lixin Li, Kaikai Liu, and Miao Pan. "No One Left Behind: Avoid Hot Car Deaths via WiFi Detection" ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2020). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICC40277.2020.9148648