Supporting Astronaut Autonomous Operations in Future Deep Space Missions
Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Human Aspects of Transportation, July 16-20, 2020, USA
Future deep space missions will present new physical and cognitive challenges that could increase risks to astronaut performance. In addition, crews may no longer be able to depend on timely support from NASA Mission Control Center (MCC) due to distance from the Earth. Astronauts will have to work autonomously using onboard resources, while still maintaining high performance. It is critical to understand the type of support MCC currently provides in order to replicate that type of support onboard. A Contextual Inquiry was performed to characterize the support that MCC currently offers to space crews. An expert Focus Group was convened to understand the types of tasks astronauts will do on a future Mars mission, as well as the challenges associated with those tasks. Results from these activities elucidate the types of intelligent tools and capabilities that will be needed for autonomous crews on future deep space missions.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Autonomous Missions, Contextual Inquiry, Human Factors, Human-Systems Integration, Space Exploration
M. Natalia Russi-Vigoya, Donna Dempsey, Brandin Munson, Alonso Vera, Bernard Adelstein, Shu Chieh Wu, and Kritina Holden. "Supporting Astronaut Autonomous Operations in Future Deep Space Missions" Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Human Aspects of Transportation, July 16-20, 2020, USA (2020): 500-506. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50943-9_63