Title

Supporting Astronaut Autonomous Operations in Future Deep Space Missions

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Department

Psychology

Publication Title

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conference on Human Aspects of Transportation, July 16-20, 2020, USA

Editor

Neville Stanton

DOI

10.1007/978-3-030-50943-9_63

First Page

500

Last Page

506

Abstract

Future deep space missions will present new physical and cognitive challenges that could increase risks to astronaut performance. In addition, crews may no longer be able to depend on timely support from NASA Mission Control Center (MCC) due to distance from the Earth. Astronauts will have to work autonomously using onboard resources, while still maintaining high performance. It is critical to understand the type of support MCC currently provides in order to replicate that type of support onboard. A Contextual Inquiry was performed to characterize the support that MCC currently offers to space crews. An expert Focus Group was convened to understand the types of tasks astronauts will do on a future Mars mission, as well as the challenges associated with those tasks. Results from these activities elucidate the types of intelligent tools and capabilities that will be needed for autonomous crews on future deep space missions.

Funding Number

NNJ15HK11B

Funding Sponsor

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Keywords

Autonomous Missions, Contextual Inquiry, Human Factors, Human-Systems Integration, Space Exploration

Share

COinS