Engagement in Gender-Sexuality Alliances Predicts Youth’s Positive and Negative Affect: An 8-Week Weekly Diary Study
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Gender-Sexuality Alliances (GSAs) are school clubs for LGBTQ + youth and peer allies to support one another. This 8-week weekly diary study considered whether a youth’s positive and negative affect during a given week could be predicted by experiences in their most recently attended GSA meeting. Ninety-nine GSA members (Mage = 15.90, SD = 1.33; 79% LGBQ + ; 41% trans/non-binary; 59% youth of color) in 11 states completed weekly surveys between January and May 2021. On average, some youth reported higher positive and negative affect than others. Youth also varied notably in their own positive and negative affect from week to week. Youth reported relatively higher positive affect on days following GSA meetings where they were more engaged than in other meetings and had spent time socializing in the meeting. Youth reported relatively higher negative affect on days following GSA meetings where they had discussed personal concerns, and relatively lower negative affect on days following meetings where they were more engaged and perceived greater advisor responsiveness. These findings offer a dynamic portrayal of youth’s varied experiences across GSA meetings and the more immediate predictive effects of GSA experiences.
Institute of Education Sciences
Extracurricular groups, Gender identity, GSA, Mental health, Sexual orientation
Child and Adolescent Development
V. Paul Poteat, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Robert A. Marx, S. Henry Sherwood, Abigail Richburg, Gabriel R. Murchison, Arthur Lipkin, Megan K. Yang, and Jerel P. Calzo. "Engagement in Gender-Sexuality Alliances Predicts Youth’s Positive and Negative Affect: An 8-Week Weekly Diary Study" Journal of Youth and Adolescence (2023): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-022-01692-4