Healthy Eating Index and Dietary Inflammatory Index are not correlated with body composition in female collegiate athletes
Journal of American College Health
Objective This cross-sectional study investigated associations among the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015, Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and body composition in female collegiate athletes.
Participants Female NCAA Division I student-athletes (n = 41, 18–21 years old) were included from various sports and did not report any diagnosed chronic diseases.
Methods Demographics, dietary intake, anthropometrics, and body composition, including bone mineral density, were collected utilizing a questionnaire, three interview-based multiple-pass 24-h dietary recalls, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
Results Mean HEI-2015 and DII scores (using 39 of 45 components) were 56.2 ± 13.5 and −0.1 ± 1.9, respectively. Athletes did not meet recommended intake levels for servings of fruit, vegetables, fiber, calcium, vitamin D, omega-3, and omega-6. Saturated fat and added sugar intake exceeded the recommended intakes. Diet quality indices and body composition measures were not correlated.
Conclusions Although female collegiate athletes consumed poor-quality diets, this was not associated with body composition or bone health.
Body composition, collegiate athletes, diet quality, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, 24-h dietary recalls
Nutrition, Food Science and Packaging
John Gieng, Kiley D. Field, and Giselle A. P. Pignotti. "Healthy Eating Index and Dietary Inflammatory Index are not correlated with body composition in female collegiate athletes" Journal of American College Health (2023). https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2023.2201858