Stellar velocity dispersion and dynamical mass of the ultra diffuse galaxy NGC 5846_UDG1 from the keck cosmic web imager
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
The ultra diffuse galaxy in the NGC 5846 group (NGC 5846UDG1) was shown to have a large number of globular cluster (GC) candidates from deep imaging as part of the VEGAS survey. Recently, Müller et al. published a velocity dispersion, based on a dozen of its GCs. Within their quoted uncertainties, the resulting dynamical mass allowed for either a dark matter free or a dark-matter-dominated galaxy. Here, we present spectra from KCWI that reconfirms membership of the NGC 5846 group and reveals a stellar velocity dispersion for UDG1 of σGC = 17 ± 2 km s-1. Our dynamical mass, with a reduced uncertainty, indicates a very high contribution of dark matter within the effective radius. We also derive an enclosed mass from the locations and motions of the GCs using the tracer mass estimator, finding a similar mass inferred from our stellar velocity dispersion. We find no evidence that the galaxy is rotating and is thus likely pressure supported. The number of confirmed GCs, and the total number inferred for the system (∼45), suggests a total halo mass of ∼2 × 1011 M. A cored mass profile is favoured when compared to our dynamical mass. Given its stellar mass of 1.1 × 108 M, NGC 5846UDG1 appears to be an ultra diffuse galaxy with a dwarf-like stellar mass and an overly massive halo.
galaxies: haloes, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: star clusters: general
Physics and Astronomy
Duncan A. Forbes, Jonah S. Gannon, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Jean P. Brodie, Warrick J. Couch, and Anna Ferré-Mateu. "Stellar velocity dispersion and dynamical mass of the ultra diffuse galaxy NGC 5846_UDG1 from the keck cosmic web imager" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2021): 1279-1284. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3289
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2021 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.