Turbulent Thermal Image Velocimetry at the Immediate Fire and Atmospheric Interface
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
We present novel in-field vegetation fire observations and the analyses using brightness temperatures recorded by longwave infrared camera and thermal image velocimetry. The brightness temperatures from a wind-driven stubble wheat fire were obtained with a 60 frames per second (fps) video acquisition. Multi-level sonic anemometers on a 10m in-fire tower were used for measurements of turbulent velocity and air temperatures, while fuel level air and flame temperatures were collected by an array of thermocouples (TCs). The camera's image pixel resolution was adequate to discern thermal structures in accordance with the in-fire TC measurements and its spacing distances. The in-situ and remotely measured flaming zone dynamics were derived using two different methodologies, Thermal Image Velocimetry (TIV) and Image Segmentation (IS). The results highlight spatial and spectral information of coherent turbulent and mean velocity structures. The power spectra decomposition of the TIV showed similar spectral characteristics to the sonic speed measurements during the fire passage under the tower with a similar inertial subrange slope. This result reveals plausible evidence of interaction between the flaming zone and wind turbulence for a prescribed rapidly moving stubble wheat fire. This research presents a new field measurement methodology for understanding fire-atmospheric interactions between the flaming zone and the immediate overlying atmospheric turbulent boundary layer.
University of Canterbury
atmospheric turbulence, fire, image segmentation (IS), image velocimetry, infrared
Meteorology and Climate Science
Marwan Katurji, Jiawei Zhang, Ashley Satinsky, Hamish McNair, Benjamin Schumacher, Tara Strand, Andres Valencia, Mark Finney, Grant Pearce, Jessica Kerr, Daisuke Seto, Hugh Wallace, Peyman Zawar-Reza, Christina Dunker, Veronica Clifford, Katharine Melnik, Torben Grumstrup, Jason Forthofer, and Craig Clements. "Turbulent Thermal Image Velocimetry at the Immediate Fire and Atmospheric Interface" Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (2021). https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035393