Regulating bracero migration: How national, regional, and local political considerations shaped the bracero program
HAHR - Hispanic American Historical Review
This article examines how federal, state, and municipal governments administered the migrant worker selection process in the states of Guanajuato, Jalisco, and Michoacán during the initial phase of the Bracero Program, a bilateral initiative that allowed Mexican men to work in the United States as seasonal contract farmworkers. It argues that multiple political factors-such as the activities of groups that opposed the ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional, organized labor conflicts, and the need to respond to natural disasters-influenced how officials allocated contracts, which rural workers were deemed eligible or ineligible to migrate, and which individual rural workers ultimately received contracts. The article shows that federal authorities delegated increased administrative responsibilities to state and municipal governments as the Bracero Program progressed, which in turn allowed regional and local officials to exercise considerable influence during selection periods.
Alberto García. "Regulating bracero migration: How national, regional, and local political considerations shaped the bracero program" HAHR - Hispanic American Historical Review (2021): 433-460. https://doi.org/10.1215/00182168-9051820