Parameter Identification of Spatial-Temporal Varying Processes by a Multi-Robot System in Realistic Diffusion Fields
In this article, we investigate the problem of parameter identification of spatial-temporal varying processes described by a general nonlinear partial differential equation and validate the feasibility and robustness of the proposed algorithm using a group of coordinated mobile robots equipped with sensors in a realistic diffusion field. Based on the online parameter identification method developed in our previous work using multiple mobile robots, in this article, we first develop a parameterized model that represents the nonlinear spatially distributed field, then develop a parameter identification scheme consisting of a cooperative Kalman filter and recursive least square method. In the experiments, we focus on the diffusion field and consider the realistic scenarios that the diffusion field contains obstacles and hazard zones that the robots should avoid. The identified parameters together with the located source could potentially assist in the reconstruction and monitoring of the field. To validate the proposed methods, we generate a controllable carbon dioxide (CO2) field in our laboratory and build a static CO2 sensor network to measure and calibrate the field. With the reconstructed realistic diffusion field measured by the sensor network, a multi-robot system is developed to perform the parameter identification in the field. The results of simulations and experiments show satisfactory performance and robustness of the proposed algorithms.
Distributed parameter systems, Experimental validation, KEYWORDS: Parameter identification, Multi-robot system, Spatial-temporal varying processes
Wencen Wu, Jie You, Yufei Zhang, Mingchen Li, and Kun Su. "Parameter Identification of Spatial-Temporal Varying Processes by a Multi-Robot System in Realistic Diffusion Fields" Robotica (2021): 842-861. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0263574720000788