Spaceflight poses risks to the central nervous system (CNS), and understanding neurological responses is important for future missions. We report CNS changes in Drosophila aboard the International Space Station in response to spaceflight microgravity (SFμg) and artificially simulated Earth gravity (SF1g) via inflight centrifugation as a countermeasure. While inflight behavioral analyses of SFμg exhibit increased activity, postflight analysis displays significant climbing defects, highlighting the sensitivity of behavior to altered gravity. Multi-omics analysis shows alterations in metabolic, oxidative stress and synaptic transmission pathways in both SFμg and SF1g; however, neurological changes immediately postflight, including neuronal loss, glial cell count alterations, oxidative damage, and apoptosis, are seen only in SFμg. Additionally, progressive neuronal loss and a glial phenotype in SF1g and SFμg brains, with pronounced phenotypes in SFμg, are seen upon acclimation to Earth conditions. Overall, our results indicate that artificial gravity partially protects the CNS from the adverse effects of spaceflight.
5 U54 GM104944
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
acclimation, artificial gravity, brain morphology, CP: Neuroscience, Drosophila, ISS, microgravity, oxidative stress, spaceflight
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Nursing; Biological Sciences
Siddhita D. Mhatre, Janani Iyer, Juli Petereit, Roberta M. Dolling-Boreham, Anastasia Tyryshkina, Amber M. Paul, Rachel Gilbert, Matthew Jensen, Rebekah J. Woolsey, Sulekha Anand, Marianne B. Sowa, David R. Quilici, Sylvain V. Costes, Santhosh Girirajan, and Sharmila Bhattacharya. "Artificial gravity partially protects space-induced neurological deficits in Drosophila melanogaster" Cell Reports (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111279