Communications Earth and Environment
Satellite thermal remote sensing has been utilized to examine the urban heat dynamics in relation to the urban traffic restriction policy. During the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the traffic volume was approximately cut off by half through the road space rationing. Based on daily MODIS satellite thermal observations on the surface temperature, statistical models were developed to analyze the contribution of traffic volume reduction to the urban heat intensity and spatial extent. Our analyses show that cutting off half of the traffic volume has led to a marked decrease in the mean surface temperature by 1.5–2.4 °C and shrinkage of the heat extent by 820 km2 in Beijing. This research suggests that the impact of urban traffic on heat intensity is considerably larger than previously thought, and the management of urban traffic and vehicle fossil fuel use should be included in the future urban heat mitigation plan.
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Urban and Regional Planning
Bo Yang, Hongxing Liu, Emily L. Kang, Timothy L. Hawthorne, Susanna T.Y. Tong, Song Shu, and Min Xu. "Traffic restrictions during the 2008 Olympic Games reduced urban heat intensity and extent in Beijing" Communications Earth and Environment (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-022-00427-4