State-of-health (SOH) is a measure of a battery’s capacity in comparison to its rated capacity. Despite numerous data-driven algorithms being developed to estimate battery SOH, they are often ineffective in handling time series data, as they are unable to utilize the most significant portion of a time series while predicting SOH. Furthermore, current data-driven algorithms are often unable to learn a health index, which is a measurement of the battery’s health condition, to capture capacity degradation and regeneration. To address these issues, we first present an optimization model to obtain a health index of a battery, which accurately captures the battery’s degradation trajectory and improves SOH prediction accuracy. Additionally, we introduce an attention-based deep learning algorithm, where an attention matrix, referring to the significance level of a time series, is developed to enable the predictive model to use the most significant portion of a time series for SOH prediction. Our numerical results demonstrate that the presented algorithm provides an effective health index and can precisely predict the SOH of a battery.
attention model, battery, health index, prognostics
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Industrial and Systems Engineering
Yupeng Wei. "Prediction of State of Health of Lithium-Ion Battery Using Health Index Informed Attention Model" Sensors (2023). https://doi.org/10.3390/s23052587