The most common additive manufacturing technique fused filament fabrication (FFF) suffers from inter-bead porosity that reduces mechanical properties. Inter-bead pores follow the raster angle, which causes anisotropic mechanical properties. Yet, the effects of raster angle on the mechanical behavior of short-carbon-fiber-reinforced (SCFR) thermoplastics are unclear. In this study, we performed tensile, flexural, and fracture toughness tests on SCFR acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). Raster angles of 0°, 15°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 75°, and 90° were investigated. Tensile strength and elastic modulus decreased by 22–35% for a change from 0° to 15°. Flexural strength and modulus were less sensitive to raster angle. Flexural strengths were at least 50% more than tensile strength for the same raster angle. Whereas flexural modulus is at least 15% less than elastic modulus. Fracture toughness showed a non-linear relationship with the raster angle. Maximum fracture toughness was observed at 0° and 60° rasters. Crack deflection was observed as the toughening mechanism.
San José State University
Additive manufacturing, Fiber reinforcement, Flexural strength, Fracture toughness, Polymer composites, Raster angle, Tensile strength
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Chemical and Materials Engineering
Skhandesh Srinivasan Ganesh Iyer and Ozgur Keles. "Effect of raster angle on mechanical properties of 3D printed short carbon fiber reinforced acrylonitrile butadiene styrene" Composites Communications (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coco.2022.101163