Thyroid hormone-dependent regulation of metabolism and heart regeneration
Journal of Endocrinology
While adult zebrafish and newborn mice possess a robust capacity to regenerate their hearts, this ability is generally lost in adult mammals. The logic behind the diversity of cardiac regenerative capacity across the animal kingdom is not well understood. We have recently reported that animal metabolism is inversely correlated to the abundance of mononucleated diploid cardiomyocytes in the heart, which retain proliferative and regenerative potential. Thyroid hormones are classical regulators of animal metabolism, mitochondrial function, and thermogenesis, and a growing body of scientific evidence demonstrates that these hormonal regulators also have direct effects on cardiomyocyte proliferation and maturation. We propose that thyroid hormones dually control animal metabolism and cardiac regenerative potential through distinct mechanisms, which may represent an evolutionary tradeoff for the acquisition of endothermy and loss of heart regenerative capacity. In this review, we describe the effects of thyroid hormones on animal metabolism and cardiomyocyte regeneration and highlight recent reports linking the loss of mammalian cardiac regenerative capacity to metabolic shifts occurring after birth.
National Institutes of Health
heart, metabolism, polyploid, regeneration, Thyroid hormone
Ines Ross, Denzel B. Omengan, Guo N. Huang, and Alexander Y. Payumo. "Thyroid hormone-dependent regulation of metabolism and heart regeneration" Journal of Endocrinology (2022): R71-R82. https://doi.org/10.1530/JOE-21-0335