Light in ecological settings: Entrainment, circadian disruption, and interventions
Contribution to a Book
Progress in Brain Research
Light is the predominant signal for the human circadian clock to synchronize to the solar 24-h day through an active process called entrainment. Modern light profiles are characterized by exposure to both natural daylight and artificial lighting. A mismatch between these self-selected light profiles and the solar day-night alternation can disrupt the circadian system, resulting in acute and chronic effects for health and safety. In this chapter, we describe (i) how entrainment works in the real world, illustrating the major role of light for this process; (ii) ways in which the circadian system can be disrupted by (external) factors such as irregular sleep, shift work, daylight saving time, and longitudinal position in a time zone; and (iii) how field studies have used light interventions to reduce direct and indirect effects of circadian disruption in ecological settings.
Chronodisruption, Chronotype, Circadian, Entrainment, Occupational, Shift work, Sleep, Sleep regularity, Social jetlag
Psychology; Research Foundation
Dorothee Fischer and Cassie J. Hilditch. "Light in ecological settings: Entrainment, circadian disruption, and interventions" Progress in Brain Research (2022): 303-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2022.04.001