Journal of Empirical Legal Studies
We conduct comprehensive analyses on whether and how the judicial foreclosure procedure helps subprime mortgage borrowers to reinstate their delinquent loans outside foreclosure liquidation. Even though the transition rates of various exit types are all higher in non-judicial states, we argue such higher rates can be mechanically driven by the faster shrinking pool of delinquent mortgages in non-judicial states over time. Based on the cumulative proportions of various exit types during a period of up to 5 years post the mortgage first become 90 days past due, we find that judicial states offer more opportunities for delinquent borrowers to reinstate their loans outside foreclosure liquidation, especially during a housing market downturn. Cures, modifications, and paid-offs were all important alternative ways to resolve serious delinquencies during 2007–2008. After modifications became widely available in 2009, loan modifications became the most important alternative for subprime borrowers to reinstate their delinquent mortgages outside foreclosure liquidation. The lion's share of the judicial foreclosure benefit shows up after the start of the foreclosure process.
cure, foreclosure liquidation, Home Affordable Modification Program, judicial foreclosure procedure, modification, power-of-sale, short-sale
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Aidong Adam Ding, Shaonan Tian, Yan Yu, and Xinlei Zhao. "Does judicial foreclosure procedure help delinquent subprime mortgage borrowers?" Journal of Empirical Legal Studies (2022): 382-422. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12314