Advancement on Security Applications of Private Intersection Sum Protocol

Publication Date


Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Title

Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems


360 LNNS



First Page


Last Page



Secure computation protocols combine inputs from involved parties to generate an output while keeping their inputs private. Private Set Intersection (PSI) is a secure computation protocol that allows two parties, who each hold a set of items, to learn the intersection of their sets without revealing anything else about the items. Private Intersection Sum (PIS) extends PSI when the two parties want to learn the cardinality of the intersection, as well as the sum of the associated integer values for each identifier in the intersection, but nothing more. Finally, Private Join and Compute (PJC) is a scalable extension of PIS protocol to help organizations work together with confidential data sets. The extensions proposed in this paper include: (a) extending PJC protocol to additional data columns and applying columnar aggregation based on supported homomorphic operations, (b) exploring Ring Learning with Errors (RLWE) homomorphic encryption schemes to apply arithmetic operations such as sum and sum of squares, (c) ensuring stronger security using mutual authentication of communicating parties using certificates, and (d) developing a Website to operationalize such a service offering. We applied our results to develop a Proof-of-Concept solution called JingBing, a voter list validation service that allows different states to register, acquire secure communication modules, install it, and then conduct authenticated peer-to-peer communication. We conclude our paper with directions for future research to make such a solution scalable for practical real-life scenarios.


Private join and compute (PJC), Private set intersection (PSI), Ring Learning with Errors (RLWE) homomorphic encryption


Computer Science