Title

On Physical-Layer Authentication via Online Transfer Learning

Publication Date

1-15-2022

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

IEEE Internet of Things Journal

Volume

9

Issue

2

DOI

10.1109/JIOT.2021.3086581

First Page

1374

Last Page

1385

Abstract

This article introduces a novel physical-layer (PHY-layer) authentication scheme, called transfer learning-based PHY-layer authentication (TL-PHA), aiming to achieve fast online user authentication that is highly desired for latency-sensitive applications such as edge computing. The proposed TL-PHA scheme is characterized by incorporating with a novel convolutional neural network architecture, namely, the triple-pool network (TP-Net), for achieving lightweight and online classification, as well as effective data augmentation methods for generation of data set samples for the network model training. To assess the performance of the proposed scheme, we conducted two sets of experiments, including the one using computer-simulated channel data and the other utilizing real experiment data generated by our wireless testbed. The results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed scheme in terms of authentication accuracy, detection rate, and training complexity compared to all the considered counterparts.

Funding Number

2018YFB0904900

Funding Sponsor

China Scholarship Council

Keywords

Channel state information (CSI), convolutional neural network (CNN), edge computing (EC), physical-layer (PHY-layer) authentication, transfer learning (TL)

Department

Applied Data Science

COinS