Public Health and Recreation
Journal of Urban Health
Black women have the highest incidence of preterm birth (PTB). Upstream factors, including neighborhood context, may be key drivers of this increased risk. This study assessed the relationship between neighborhood quality, defined by the Healthy Places Index, and PTB among Black women who lived in Oakland, California, and gave birth between 2007 and 2011 (N = 5418 women, N = 107 census tracts). We found that, compared with those living in lower quality neighborhoods, women living in higher quality neighborhoods had 20–38% lower risk of PTB, independent of confounders. Findings have implications for place-based research and interventions to address racial inequities in PTB.
Healthy Places Index, Neighborhood, Preterm birth, Black women, Place-based
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Rachel L. Berkowitz, Mahasin Mujahid, Michelle Pearl, Victor Poon, Carolina K. Reid, and Amani M. Allen. "Protective Places: the Relationship between Neighborhood Quality and Preterm Births to Black Women in Oakland, California (2007–2011)" Journal of Urban Health (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-022-00624-8