Methods in Psychology
Social group memberships are primarily studied in quasi-experimental contexts, but how can culture, class and gender be manipulated in true experimental designs? This review highlights the different empirical strategies that can be used to manipulate “culture” as it relates to race/ethnicity (activation of thinking styles, language, and priming of cultural constructs), class (social standing, group status, or perceived social status), and gender (role salience, gender identity, sex hormone administration). I review measurement issues related to manipulation checks and the problem of what construct is tapped by the manipulation, appropriate control groups, and intersectional identities or group memberships.
Culture, Experimental design, Ethnicity
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Christine Ma-Kellams. "Using true experiments to study culture: Manipulations, measurement issues, and the question of appropriate control groups" Methods in Psychology (2021). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metip.2021.100046