The concept of Automated Highway Systems (AHS) is based on the belief that an appropriate integration of control and communication technologies placed on the vehicle and on the highway can lead to a large improvement in capacity and safety without requiring a significant amount of additional highway right-of-way. Stemming from this belief are various conceptual scenarios for vehicle/highway automation.An AHS consists of two major components: vehicle/highway automation technology and highway operating strategy. In this paper, we study the capacity of key AHS operating scenarios.
H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Randolph Hall, and Bruce Hongola. "Capacity Of Automated Highway Systems: Effect Of Platooning And Barriers" PATH Research Report (1994).