In this work, we developed a visible light communication (VLC) framework that can be used for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). ITS has been motivated by the need for reducing traffic congestion and offering better user experience in navigation and location-specific services. Recently, VLC has drawn a great deal of attention in the research community, including the development of new applications for ITS. It would be of great use to enable the traffic lights to be able to talk to the vehicles in their proximity and convey important information about the traffic condition. In this project, we developed a framework that can potentially support infrastructure-to-vehicle (I2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication. (In our context the infrastructure refers to traffic lights using VLC.) Specifically, traffic lights will be used to not only to order traffic flow, but also to share some important information to the cars. The developed smart traffic light system can provide information about the traffic conditions several blocks down the road and, in case of accidents, this information would be useful for the driver to detour their original route to help reduce congestion and save time. In order to do that we have developed a transmitter circuitry that is composed of an embedded system and optical electronics. In addition, we have developed the receiver circuitry in which the photodiode along with other circuitry is used for detecting and decoding the VLC signal coming from the traffic lights. We have also developed and experimented in a laboratory with a novel optical code-division multiple-access (CDMA) scheme for overloaded optical CDMA transmission in which the optical codes are uniquely decodable. This new coding system could potentially provide higher data rate in the VLC protocol establishment.
Digital Object Identifier
Intelligent transportation systems (ITS), Traffic signal control systems, Traffic lights USE, Traffic signal networks
Public Policy | Transportation
Hovannes Kulhandjian. "A Visible Light Communications Framework for Intelligent Transportation Systems" Mineta Transportation Institute Publications (2020). doi:https://doi.org/10.31979/mti.2020.1911