Racial/ethnic disproportionality in the child welfare system is a complicated social problem that is receiving increasing amounts of attention from researchers and practitioners. This review of the literature examines disproportionality in the front-end of the child welfare system and interventions that may address it. While none of the interventions had evidence suggesting that they reduced disproportionality in child welfare front-end processes, some of the interventions may improve child welfare case processes related to disproportionality and outcomes for families of color.
Kathy Lemon Osterling, Amy C. D’Andrade, and Michael J. Austin. "Understanding and addressing racial/ethnic disproportionality" Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work (2008): 9-30. doi:10.1300/J394v05n01_02