Publication Date

Summer 2012

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Journalism and Mass Communications


Diana Stover


9/11, Asahi Shimbun, Framing, pearl harbor, the New York Times, world war II

Subject Areas

Mass communication; Journalism; World history


The researcher analyzed visual frames in the photo coverage in the New York Times and the Japanese newspaper, Asahi Shimbun, following the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941 and the 9/11 attacks in 2001. In 1941-1942, although the humanization set of frames was the dominant frame in the New York Times, the set of military frames was dominant in Asahi Shimbun. The New York Times emphasized American civilians as well as the American and U.S. allied soldiers' involvement in the war. In contrast, photos in Asahi Shimbun portrayed the patriotism of the Japanese military and the international human dimension in Asia. Its photo coverage emphasized victories by the Japanese military. In both publications in 2001, the violence of terrorism set of frames, which focused on the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and the victims, was the dominant frame.