Faculty Publications

Document Type


Publication Date

May 2010

Publication Title

US-China Education Review




technology-instruction integration, cognitive motivators, human performance technology (HPT), self-efficacy of technology-instruction integration, task value


The city of Taipei has been considered as a leading role of information technology education in Taiwan. However, many questions have been waited to be answered. The purpose of this study was to investigate the current situations and problems of primary school teachers’ technology-instruction integration. By implementing the approach of cognitive motivators and the human performance technology (HPT) theory, this study also investigated the relationships among teachers’ cognitive motivators (self-efficacy and task values) and their commitment and effort on technology-instruction integration. The researchers delivered 2,952 questionnaires via Internet, e-mail and airmail in January 2008. Finally, 1,549 questionnaires replied back and turned out to be ok. The findings were described as below. The situation of “high-tech schools, low-access technology” also happened in Taipei primary schools. The time teachers devote to use technology into instruction is about 1-3 hour(s) per week and the level of technology implementation to use was low. Besides, teachers’ self-efficacy and task values have impact on their commitment and effort on technology-instruction integration. Teachers’ age and the length of teaching presented opposite correlations with their commitment and effort on technology-instruction integration. Teachers have huge difficulty on comprehending and designing computer-animation related multimedia materials to help students clear their abstract learning concept to concrete. In the future, they hope to take more workshops related with multimedia design principles, how to integrate technology with learning areas, and other multimedia related theories.


ERIC Number: ED511250