Publication Date

Fall 2015

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Computer Engineering

Advisor

Younghee Park

Keywords

Applications Misuse, Controller's Security, Hooking, Network Attacks, SDN, Validating execution behaviour

Subject Areas

Computer engineering; Computer science; Engineering

Abstract

The software-defined network (SDN) controller provides an application programming interface (API) for network applications and controller modules. Malicious applications and network attackers can misuse these APIs to cause outbreaks on the controller. The controller is the heart of the SDN and should be secured from such API misuse scenarios and network attacks. Most of the prior research in security for SDN controllers focuses on a defense mechanism for a particular attack scenario that requires changes in the controller code. This research proposes dynamic access control and a policy engine-based approach for protecting the SDN controller from network attacks and application bugs, thus defending against the misuse of the controller APIs. The proposed AEGIS protects controller APIs and defines a set of access, semantic, syntactic and communication policy rules and a permission set for accessing controller APIs. It utilizes the traditional API hooking technique to control API usage. We generated various attack scenarios that included application bugs and network attacks on the Floodlight SDN controller and showed that applying AEGIS secured the Floodlight controller APIs and hence protected them from network attacks and application bugs. Finally, we discuss performance comparison tests of the new AEGIS controller implementation for memory usage, API execution time and boot-up time and conclude that AEGIS effectively protects the SDN controller for trustworthy operations.

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