Master of Arts (MA)
Mark Van Selst
Body Satisfaction, Mindfulness, Mood
Research has indicated that body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and eating disorder interventions have historically targeted clinically diagnosed individuals. These interventions target specific predicting risk factors such as negative affect and body dissatisfaction. The current study focused on the relationship between negative affect and body dissatisfaction for a nonclinical population. The central questions were (i) whether the posited relationship between negative affect and body dissatisfaction could be replicated for a nonclinical population and (ii) if interventions that target mood would also lead to increases in self-perceived body satisfaction. The efficacy of mood interventions as a means to target body dissatisfaction was investigated. Experiment 1 demonstrated the effectiveness of the negative mood manipulation in decreasing mood and body satisfaction. In contrast, Experiment 2 demonstrated the effectiveness of the positive mood manipulation in increasing mood and body satisfaction. Experiment 3 examined the effectiveness of the proposed body dissatisfaction interventions, a positive mood induction and a body scan mindfulness meditation, in increasing mood and body satisfaction. Positive affect and body satisfaction significantly increased over time following the proposed body dissatisfaction interventions and the control manipulation. Implications of the results and future directions are discussed.
Rodgers, Gabrielle Mary, "Can Positive Mood or Mindfulness Interventions Increase Body Satisfaction?" (2016). Master's Theses. 4703.