Publication Date

Summer 2016

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




Megumi Hosoda


Intent to Remain, Job Satisfaction, Life Satisfaction, Millennials, Overqualification, Underemployment

Subject Areas

Psychology; Business education


Underemployment has been associated with negative attitudes and behaviors. However, little research attention has been paid to identify variables that might moderate the relationship between underemployment and job attitudes. Given that Millennials are one of the groups most susceptible to underemployment, I examined the relationship between perceived underemployment and job attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction, intent to remain) using life satisfaction as a moderator among Millennial employees. Based on survey data from 552 Millennial employees across various sectors, results showed that perceived underemployment was negatively related to job satisfaction, intent to remain, and life satisfaction. Inconsistent with the prediction, life satisfaction did not moderate the relationship between perceived underemployment and these job attitudes. Strategies for employees and employers to minimize the negative impacts of perceived underemployment such as on-the job training or mentoring programs to learn new skills are suggested.