Publication Date

Summer 2022

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Environmental Studies


Costanza Rampini

Subject Areas

Environmental studies


Transit-oriented development (TOD) is often showcased as a solution for private vehicle dependency and growing climate issues. Although TOD seems promising, it usually has harsh, unforgiving effects such as ecological gentrification. Ecological gentrification occurs when lower-income communities, especially of color, are pushed out of their neighborhoods due to the implementation of an environmental amenity, benefit, or service. However, research suggests that TODs that apply Transportation Justice principles seem to produce more equitable results. This study explores the Fruitvale Village TOD, located in Fruitvale, Oakland, California. This TOD was selected because it is unique in its conception and implementation, as it is centered and led by the local community. This research asks if even the most community-conscious efforts of TOD planning produce infrastructure that is perceived as relevant, equitable, and welcomed by local residents. By analyzing the perceptions and experiences of 30 lower-income Latinx Fruitvale residents, this work contributes to the literature by offering the perspectives and experiences of a historically marginalized community regarding their neighborhood and the impacts of the TOD. This research ends with recommendations by the author for future TOD plans in hopes of creating more equitable cities.